History of Underwater Sports

Apnoea

Archaeologists said that people have been earning their sustenance from free diving thousands years ago. The first nation which was famous for it was the haenyeo in Korea. They collected shells and sponges to sell to others. The Ama Divers from Japan began to collect pearls 2000 years ago. But also the spear fishers were also important for the historical background for the movement of the apnoea sport.

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Aquatlon

Aquathlon is a martial art and combat sport in the water and under the water. The origins of the name, 'Aquathlon' are 'Aqua' - water and 'Athlon' - wrestling. The object of Aquathlon is wrestling between two wrestlers wearing masks, fins, ankle bands and ribbons. They wrestle under the water and on the surface in order to tear off their opponent's ribbon from one of his ankle bands.

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Finswimming

Finswimming is the progression with monofin or with two fins either on the surface or underwater, by means of the swimmers' muscular force only and without use of any mechanism, not even muscle powered. For underwater disciplines with breathing euipment, only compressed-air sub-aqua equipment is allowed.

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Orienteering

Underwater orienteering involves covering set underwater circuits and compass swimming. The diver is linked to the surface by a vuoy and uses underwater navigation and orienteering instruments.

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Rugby

UW Rugby is a very young sport, and one would think that at least the participants would know how it started. Wrong. All kinds of wild "origin stories" have started to circulate in the last years, from conditioning training of French Navy Units to a game played with coconuts in distant Kenya.

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Spearfishing

The conquest of the underwater world started with underwater hunting and the other diving activities grew up around it. Competitive underwater fishing is defined as the hunting and capture of fish underwater without the aid of artificial breathing devices, using gear that depends entirely on the physical strength of the competitor.

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Visual

Since the early underwater photography of Louis Boutan, this sport have made spectacular progress. In 1979 the CMAS is organising the first world championship in underwater photography.

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